Core Systems Reinvented: Smart Energy Technologies Transforming Electrical Grids

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R. Senthil Ganesh
Oshin Dhiman


In the ever-changing world of modern energy systems, adding smart technologies has caused major changes in power lines around the world. This new idea came about because of the need to make things more efficient, reliable, and environmentally friendly while also meeting the growing demand for energy. Smart energy technologies, which are smart and flexible, are changing the way standard grid systems work by adding tracking, analytics, and control features that can be used in real time.Advanced monitors and meters that allow for fine-grained data collection across the grid network are at the heart of this change. These monitors make it easy for information to flow between devices, which gives grid workers new information about how the grid works, how much power is being used, and what problems might happen. At the same time, the widespread use of communication networks and Internet of Things (IoT) devices makes it easier to connect and send data. This makes it easier to connect distributed energy resources (DERs) like solar panels, wind mills, and energy storage systems.Also, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques are very important for making use of the huge amounts of data that smart grids produce. AI-driven analytics improve projection accuracy, make grid operations more efficient, and find repair needs or possible problems before they happen. They do this by looking at past trends and predicting future demand patterns. This ability to predict repair needs cuts down on downtime and running costs, making the grid more reliable and able to handle new problems like hacking threats or extreme weather.Additionally, blockchain technology now provides independent options for managing transactions and enabling peer-to-peer energy trade within microgrids. This promotes energy democracy and gives prosumers the power to actively join in the energy market. Grid-edge computing also makes it possible to make decisions in real time at the network's edge, which makes the system more flexible and eases the load on central infrastructure.

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Ganesh, R. S., & Dhiman, O. (2024). Core Systems Reinvented: Smart Energy Technologies Transforming Electrical Grids. Acta Energetica, (01), 117–126.